Introduction of truly independent investigative bodies in the sense the ECtHR uses the concept (Jordan v UK  24746/94): “For an investigation into alleged unlawful killing by State agents to be effective, it may generally be regarded as necessary for the persons responsible for and carrying out the investigation to be independent from those implicated in the. This means not only a lack of hierarchical or institutional connection but also a practical independence.”
Introduction of systemic and comprehensive, state-run data collection which is publicly available is essential to give a clear picture of the “torture situation” in a given country.
Introduction of very detailed practice directions for “suspect” situations (such as the use of coercive measures) in order to provide guidance for officers, professionals vested with the task of adjudicating complaints and also a means for concerned individuals.
Adoption of criminal procedure rules in every state with respect to exclusion of evidence in case the state cannot prove that it was obtained through duress or coercion.
Prescribing the general use of cameras during interrogation, promoting the use of body-worn and dash board cameras by the police and allowing to record public police activities by civilians.
Introduction of a reversed burden of proof provision in damage and tort cases if a reasonable suspicion of ill-treatment is raised and the camera recordings that would be capable of clarifying the situation are compromised or deleted without an acceptable explanation.
Ensuring that medical doctors examining possible victims of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment have adequate forensic knowledge, and prescribing that doctors forward their findings to the competent investigative authorities when on the basis of their medical findings there is an implication of ill-treatment. Prescribing that doctors take photographs of visible injuries.
Making clear in the legal system that recording a police action by civilians is permitted.
Ensuring that information about the right to complain of any police action is communicated in an easily accessible manner.
Introducing legal norms and practical solutions to ensure effective protection of “whistle blowers”, i.e. officers who want to report on irregularities experienced within a police force.
Fully ensuring the access to a lawyer and the notification of a third person. Detailed practice directions for potential difficulties and accessible letters of rights should be drafted in order to provide guidance both for police and the concerned individuals.
Presciribing that officials having found to be guilty of ill-treatment are imposed criminal sanctions commensurate with the gravity of the crime and that they are banned from continuing to serve as public officials.
In-depth research into the criminal courts’ practice in ill-treatment cases.
Strategic litigation before the ECtHR to test whether lenient sanctions are in compliance with the procedural limb of Article 3 standards of the ECtHR.